Main Article Content

Abstract

This paper aimed to find out (1) the teacher’s challenges using the application in teaching online classrooms during pandemic COVID-19, and (2) the strategies used by teachers in teaching using the application. The participants of the research were the English teachers at SMA/SMK/MA in Yogyakarta, Gunungkidul, Magelang, and Kebumen. A qualitative method was employed in this research and using interview via WhatsApp as data collection. The findings showed that teachers had the challenges such as (1) operating the application during online learning, (2) developing the material, assessment, and evaluation in teaching, (3) developing the teaching method, (4) combining the material and application, and (5) motivating the students and parents. The strategies used by the teacher when using the application in teaching such as (1) watching the video tutorial, (2) choosing a suitable application for teaching, (3) arranging the new learning schedule, (4) developing the creativity in designing the material, and (5) giving the simple material and task for the students.

Keywords

Challenges Teaching Strategies Online Classroom

Article Details

How to Cite
Tukan, F. M. E. (2020). Challenges and Strategies Using Application in Teaching Online Classroom During Pandemic Covid-19. ELITE JOURNAL, 2(2), 155-172. Retrieved from http://elitejournal.org/index.php/ELITE/article/view/43

References

  1. Albrahim, F. A. (2020). Online Teaching Skills and Competencies. The Turkish Online Journal of Educational Technology, 19(1), 12.
  2. Ali, W. (2020). Online and Remote Learning in Higher Education Institutes: A Necessity in light of COVID-19 Pandemic. Higher Education Studies, 10(3), 16. https://doi.org/10.5539/hes.v10n3p16
  3. Al-Takhyneh, B. (2018). Attitudes towards Using Mobile Applications in Teaching Mathematics in Open Learning Systems. 33, 16.
  4. Atmojo, A. E. P., & Nugroho, A. (2020). EFL Classes Must Go Online! Teaching Activities and Challenges during COVID-19 Pandemic in Indonesia. Register Journal, 13(1), 49–76. https://doi.org/10.18326/rgt.v13i1.49-76
  5. Berry, S. (2019). Teaching to Connect: Community-Building Strategies for the Virtual Classroom. Online Learning, 23(1). https://doi.org/10.24059/olj.v23i1.1425
  6. Bhamani, S., Makhdoom, A. Z., Bharuchi, V., Ali, N., Kaleem, S., & Ahmed, D. (2020). Home Learning in Times of COVID: Experiences of Parents. Journal of Education and Educational Development, 7(1), 9. https://doi.org/10.22555/joeed.v7i1.3260
  7. Byrne, V. L., & Donlan, A. E. (2020). Presenting a Validated Mid-Semester Evaluation of College Teaching to Improve Online Teaching. Online Learning, 24(2). https://doi.org/10.24059/olj.v24i2.2126
  8. Canals, L., & Robbins, J. (2017). An exploratory study of feedback practices for written and oral tasks in an online English course. In K. Borthwick, L. Bradley, & S. Thouësny (Eds.), CALL in a climate of change: Adapting to turbulent global conditions – short papers from EUROCALL 2017 (pp. 62–66). Research-publishing.net. https://doi.org/10.14705/rpnet.2017.eurocall2017.690
  9. Cheng, X. (2020). Challenges of “School’s Out, But Class’s On” to School Education: Practical Exploration of Chinese Schools during the COVID-19 Pandemic. Science Insights Education Frontiers, 5(2), 501–516. https://doi.org/10.15354/sief.20.ar043
  10. Ci̇Ğerci̇, F. M. (2020). Slowmation Experiences of Pre-Service Teachers Via Distance Education During The Covid-19 Pandemic Disease. 9(1), 17.
  11. Cross, T., & Polk, L. (2018). Burn Bright, Not Out: Tips for Managing Online Teaching. Journal of Educators Online, 15(3). https://doi.org/10.9743/jeo.2018.15.3.1
  12. Ergunay, O., & Adiguzel, O. C. (2019). The First Year in Teaching: Changes in Beginning Teachers’ Visions and Their Challenges. Qualitative Research in Education, 8(3), 276. https://doi.org/10.17583/qre.2019.4016
  13. Fernando Batista, A., Thiry, M., Queiroz Gonçalves, R., & Fernandes, A. (2020). Using Technologies as Virtual Environments for Computer Teaching: A Systematic Review. Informatics in Education, 201–221. https://doi.org/10.15388/infedu.2020.10
  14. Gültekin, O., Erkaplan, S., Uzun, H., & Güney, E. (2020). Investigation of Academic Staff’s Self-Efficacy Using the Educational Internet. Higher Education Studies, 10(3), 26. https://doi.org/10.5539/hes.v10n3p26
  15. Haverback, H. R. (2020). Middle Level Teachers Quarantine, Teach, and Increase Self-Efficacy Beliefs: Using Theory to Build Practice During COVID-19. 6, 7.
  16. Ibrahim, A. A., & Kadiri, G. C. (2018). Integrating Mobile Phones in Teaching Auditory and Visual Learners in an English Classroom. English Language Teaching, 11(12), 1. https://doi.org/10.5539/elt.v11n12p1
  17. Johnson, N., Veletsianos, G., & Seaman, J. (2020). U.S. Faculty and Administrators’ Experiences and Approaches in the Early Weeks of the COVID-19 Pandemic. Online Learning, 24(2). https://doi.org/10.24059/olj.v24i2.2285
  18. Martin, J. (2019). Building Relationships and Increasing Engagement in The Virtual Classroom: Practical Tools For The Online Instructor. Journal of Educators Online, 16, 8.
  19. Nasr, N. (2020). Teachers as Students: Adapting to Online Methods of Instruction and Assessment in the Age of COVID-19. 4.
  20. Niess, M. L., & Roschelle, J. (2018). Transforming Teachers’ Knowledge for Teaching Mathematics with Technologies Through Online Knowledge-Building Communities. G. J., 19.
  21. Rasmitadila, R., Aliyyah, R. R., Rachmadtullah, R., Samsudin, A., Syaodih, E., Nurtanto, M., & Tambunan, A. R. S. (2020). The Perceptions of Primary School Teachers of Online Learning during the COVID-19 Pandemic Period: A Case Study in Indonesia. Journal of Ethnic and Cultural Studies, 7(2), 90. https://doi.org/10.29333/ejecs/388
  22. Robinson, H. A., Kilgore, W., & Warren, S. J. (2017). Care, Communication, Support: Core for Designing Meaningful Online Collaborative Learning. Online Learning, 21(4). https://doi.org/10.24059/olj.v21i4.1240
  23. S. Lockman, A., & R. Schirmer, B. (2020). Online Instruction in Higher Education: Promising, Research-based, and Evidence-based Practices. Journal of Education and E-Learning Research, 7(2), 130–152. https://doi.org/10.20448/journal.509.2020.72.130.152
  24. Samsudin, M. R., Guan, T. T., Mohd, A., & Yaacob, M. F. C. (2017). A Review of Mobile Application Characteristics Based on Teaching and Learning Theory for Mute and Deaf Students. 1, 6.
  25. Silalahi, T. F., & Hutauruk, A. F. (2020). The Application of Cooperative Learning Model during Online Learning in the Pandemic Period. 3, 9. https://doi.org/10.33258/birci.v3i3.1100
  26. Song, L. (2016). What Online Success Means to Online Instructors: A Grounded Theory Investigation. 10.
  27. Steele, J., & Holbeck, R. (2018). Five Elements that Impact Quality Feedback in the Online Asynchronous Classroom. Journal of Educators Online, 15(3). https://doi.org/10.9743/jeo.2018.15.3.10
  28. Tanis, C. J. (2020). The seven principles of online learning: Feedback from faculty and alumni on its importance for teaching and learning. Research in Learning Technology, 28(0). https://doi.org/10.25304/rlt.v28.2319
  29. Topacio, K. N. M. (2018). Exploring the Use of Online Educational Platform in Teaching Writing Among ESL Students. 16.
  30. Tracey Hodges, Cailin Kerch, M. F. (2020). Teacher Education in the Time of COVID-19: Creating Digital Networks as University-School-Family Partnerships. 6(2).
  31. Welch, A. G., Orso, D., Doolittle, J., & Areepattamannil, S. (2015). Matching Student Expectations with Instructors’ Dispositions: Insight into Quality of Online Teaching. 15, 15.
  32. Wilson, S. D. (2018). Leading Edge Online Classroom Education: Incorporating Best Practices Beyond Technology. American Journal of Business Education (AJBE), 11(3), 41–48. https://doi.org/10.19030/ajbe.v11i3.10187
  33. Yao, J., Rao, J., & Xiong, C. (2020). What Role Should Teachers Play in Online Teaching during the COVID-19 Pandemic? Evidence from China. Science Insights Education Frontiers, 5(2), 517–524. https://doi.org/10.15354/sief.20.ar035
  34. Zaheer, S., Butt, S. M., Anatolyevna, G. V., & Salmani, H. (2018). Do Mobile Technology in the Classroom Really Improve Learning Outcomes? International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education (IJERE), 7(3), 188. https://doi.org/10.11591/ijere.v7i3.13426
  35. Zhao, N., Zhou, X., & Liu, W. (2020). Guiding Teaching Strategies with the Education Platform during the COVID-19 Epidemic: Taking Guiyang No. 1 Middle School Teaching Practice as an Example. Science Insights Education Frontiers, 5(2), 531–539. https://doi.org/10.15354/sief.20.rp005